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SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
R.M. LODHA, ANIL R. DAVE & SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA, JJ.
GIAN SINGH - Petitioner
VERSUS
STATE OF PUNJAB & ANOTHER - Respondents
Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 8989 of 2010 with Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 6138 of 2006, Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 5203 of 2011, Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 259 of 2011, Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 5921 of 2009, Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 7148 of 2009, Special Leave Petition (Crl.) No. 6324 of 2009, Criminal Appeal Nos. 2107-2125 of 2011
Decided on : 24-09-2012.

IMPORTANT POINT
Quashing and compounding.

(a) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 - Section 320 - Compoundable offences - Abatement or attempt to commit such offences u/s 34/149 IPC - Also compoundable in same manner. (Para 47)

        (b) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 - Section 482 - Inherent power to do complete and substantial justice - Should not be exercised as against the express bar of law. (Paras 49 and 51)

        (c) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 - Sections 320 and 482 - Quashing a proceeding becoming futile after compromise and compounding of offence - Two different things - By quashing a proceeding Court does not convert a non-compoundable offence into a compoundable one (Paras 54, 55 and 57)

        (2003) 4 SCC 675; (2008) 9 SCC 677; (2008) 16 SCC 1; (2011) 10 SCC 705; (1990) 2 SCC 437; 1993 Crl. L.J. 1049; AIR 1999 SC 2554; (2008) 15 SCC 667; (2009) 6 SCC 364; JT 2012 (3) SC 469 - Relied upon

        (2011) 6 SCC 216; (2009) 11 SCC 424; (1945) 47 Bom. L.R. 245; AIR 1959 SC 542; AIR 1945 PC 94; AIR 1964 SC 703; 1966 (Suppl) SCR 477; (1977) 2 SCC 699; (1977) 4 SCC 551; (1980) 1 SCC 43; (2000) 2 SCC 636; (2002) 3 SCC 89; (2009) 6 SCC 351; (2009) 7 SCC 495; (2011) 5 SCC 708; (2008) 4 SCC 582; (2008) 15 SCC 667; (2006) 9 SCC 255; (2001) 10 SCC 504; (2008) 15 SCC 671; 1990 (supp) SCC 681; (1996) 5 SCC 591; 1992 Supp (1) SCC 335; 1992 Supp (1) SCC 222; (1992) 4 SCC 305; (2012) 5 SCC 627; JT 2012 (6) SC 504; (2005) 1 SCC 347; (1999) 2 SCC 213; (2007) 4 CTC 769; 2008 (2) Mh.L.J. 856 - Referred

       Facts of the case:

        The crucial issue in this case is the applicability of sections 320 and 482, Cr.P.C. to offences u/ss 120B and 420, IPC.

       Finding of the Court:

        Quashing a proceeding becoming futile after compromise and compounding of offence are two different things.

       Result:

       B.S. Joshi, Nikhil Merchant and Manoj Sharma approved.

       

Act Referred :
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA : Art.226, Art.142
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE : S.320, S.482
INDIAN PENAL CODE : S.323, S.498(a), S.120(b), S.420, S.406
PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION ACT : S.5(2), S.13(1)(d), S.5(1)(d)

Cases Referred:
B.S. Joshi v. State of Haryana, (2003) 4 SCC 675 - Relied upon [Para 1] - Referred By
Nikhil Merchant v. Central Bureau of Investigation, (2008) 9 SCC 677 - Relied upon [Para 1] - Referred By
Manoj Sharma v. State, (2008) 16 SCC 1 - Relied upon [Para 1] - Referred By
Central Bureau of Investigation v. Keshub Mahindra, (2011) 6 SCC 216 - Referred [Para 16] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh v. Rameshwar, (2009) 11 SCC 424 - Referred [Para 16] - Referred By
Emperor v. Khwaja Nazir Ahmed, (1945) 47 Bom. L.R. 245 - Referred [Para 18] - Referred By
Khushi Ram v. Hashim, AIR 1959 SC 542 - Referred [Para 19] - Referred By
Lala Jairam Das v. Emperor, AIR 1945 PC 94 - Referred [Para 19] - Referred By
State of Uttar Pradesh. v. Mohammad Naim, AIR 1964 SC 703 - Referred [Para 20] - Referred By
Pampathy v. State of Mysore, 1966 (Suppl) SCR 477 - Referred [Para 21] - Referred By
State of Karnataka v. L. Muniswamy, (1977) 2 SCC 699 - Referred [Para 22] - Referred By
Madhu Limaye v. The State of Maharashtra, (1977) 4 SCC 551 - Referred [Para 24] - Referred By
Raj Kapoor v. State, (1980) 1 SCC 43 - Referred [Para 25] - Referred By
Simrikhia v. Dolley Mukherjee and Chhabi Mukherjee, (1990) 2 SCC 437 - Relied upon [Para 26] - Referred By
Dharampal v. Ramshri (Smt.), 1993 Crl. L.J. 1049 - Relied upon [Para 27] - Referred By
Arun Shankar Shukla v. State of Uttar Pradesh, AIR 1999 SC 2554 - Relied upon [Para 28] - Referred By
G. Sagar Suri v. State of U.P., (2000) 2 SCC 636 - Referred [Para 29] - Referred By
State of Karnataka v. M. Devendrappa, (2002) 3 SCC 89 - Referred [Para 30] - Referred By
Central Bureau of Investigation v. A. Rav

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