Print
Hi Guest, To read the content, Click Here to Sign Up!

2019 2 ACR 1230 ; 2019 2 AICLR 69 ; 2019 0 AIR(SC) 1296 ; 2019 107 AllCriC 634 ; 2019 0 AllSCR(Cri) 867 ; 2019 1 ALT(Cri)(SC) 302 ; 2019 127 ConLT 1001 ; 2019 2 CriC(Raj) 867 ; 2019 0 CriLR 299 ; 2019 1 Crimes(SC) 231 ; 2019 74 CriR(Ori) 1 ; 2019 0 CrLJ 1862 ; 2019 1 JKJ(SC) 63 ; 2019 2 JLJ 622 ; 2019 6 JT 443 ; 2019 2 KHC 190 ; 2019 1 KLD 546 ; 2019 2 KLJ 226 ; 2019 2 KLT(SN) 21 ; 2019 2 LawHerald(SC) 1273 ; 2019 2 MWN(Cri) 285 ; 2019 2 NCC 37 ; 2019 1 OLR 779 ; 2019 2 PCCR 75 ; 2019 2 RCR(Cri) 255 ; 2019 3 RLW(Raj) 2106 ; 2019 4 Scale 200 ; 2019 5 SCC 688 ; 2019 2 SCC(Cri) 706 ; 2019 4 SCJ 594 ; 2019 3 Supreme 1 ; 2019 0 Supreme(SC) 246
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
A.K. Sikri, S. Abdul Nazeer, M. R. Shah, JJ.
THE STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH – Appellant
Vs.
LAXMI NARAYAN AND OTHERS – Respondents
Criminal Appeal Nos. 349 and 350 of 2019
Decided On : 05-03-2019

IMPORTANT POINT
FIR for offences not compoundable should not be quashed.

(a) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1908 – FIR lodged u/s 307/34 Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Parties compromising – High Court quashing the FIR on the ground that there is no chance of recording conviction against the accused persons and the entire exercise of a trial would be exercise in futility – Personal or private wrong and social wrong and the social impact – High Court quashing FIR u/s 307 r/w 34 mechanically – Contrary to law laid down by Supreme Court. (Para 9)

       (2012) 10 SCC 303; (2014) 6 SCC 466; (2017) 9 SCC 641: 2019 SCC Online SC 7; (2015) 8 SCC 307; (2014) 10 SCC 285; Criminal Appeal No. 14/2019; Criminal Appeal @SLP(Criminal) No.9859 of 2013; (2014) 4 SCC 149 – Relied upon

       (2016) 12 SCC 179; (2016) 12 SCC 471; (2014) 15 SCC 29 – Referred

       (2011) 10 SCC 705 – Distinguished

       (b) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 – Section 482 and 320 – FIR can be quashed on basis of compromise in cases of civil nature – In offences non-compoundable u/s 320, like one u/s 307 r/w 34, FIR should not be quashed particularly when investigation is in progress – Gravity of the offence and conduct of the accused as also antecedents of the accused are relevant considerations - Impugned judgment not sustainable. (Para 13, 14)

       Facts of the case:

       In view of the apparent conflict between the two decisions of the Court in the cases of Narinder Singh v. State of Punjab, (2014) 6 SCC 466 and State of Rajasthan v. Shambhu Kewat, (2014) 4 SCC 149, this matter has been referred to a Bench of three Judges.

       Finding of the Court:

       FIR for offences not compoundable should not be quashed.

       Result: Appeals allowed.

       

Cases Referred:
Gian Singh vs. State of Punjab, (2012) 10 SCC 303 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
J. Ramesh Kamath vs. Mohana Kurup, (2016) 12 SCC 179 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
Narinder Singh vs. State of Punjab, (2014) 6 SCC 466 [Para 9.3] - Referred By
Parbatbhai A Ahir vs. State of Gujarat, (2017) 9 SCC 641 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
Shiji @ Pappu & others vs. Radhika and another, (2011) 10 SCC 705 [Para 2] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Deepak, (2014) 10 SCC 285 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Dhruv Gurjar, decided on 22.02.2019 in Criminal Appeal @SLP(Criminal) No.9859 of 2013 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Kalyan Singh, decided on 4.1.2019 in Criminal Appeal No. 14/2019 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Manish, (2015) 8 SCC 307 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Rajveer Singh, (2016) 12 SCC 471 [Para 6.4] - Referred By
State of Rajasthan vs. Shambhu Kewat, (2014) 4 SCC 149 [Para 1] - Referred By

Advocates Appeared :
For the Appellant : Mrs. Swarupama Chaturvedi, AOR, Mr. B.N. Dubey, Adv., Mr. Makesh Kumar, Adv., Ms. Indira Bhakar, Adv., Ms. Aparna Trivedi, Adv., Mr. Santanu Singh, Adv., Mr. Rahul Kaushik, Adv., Mr. Bhuvenshwari Pathak, Adv., Ms. Shilpi Satyapraiya Satyam, Adv., Mr. Siddharth Chakravorty, Adv., Mr. Arjun Garg, AOR
For the Respondent : Ms. Mridula Ray Bharadwaj, AOR (Not present)

STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH VS LAXMI NARAYAN

JUDGMENT :

M.R. Shah, J.

Criminal Appeal No. 349 of 2019

LawCanvas can now be accessed on Google Play and App Store

Track your Legal cases and receive Alert at your finger tips directly for upcoming hearing, receiving order, to-dos, appointments and meeting

LawCanvas QR Code