R VS Lichniak - 25 Nov 02

Mandatory life sentence for murder has a denunciatory value, expressing society s view of a crime which has long been regarded with peculiar abhorrence.

India - Supreme Court

Vijay Dutt Through his wife Dr. (Mrs. ) Veena Dutt VS R. D. Nagpal Consultant Neuro-Surgeon, Jaslok Hospital and Research Center - 07 May 14

Negligence cannot be attributed to a doctor so long as he is performing his duties to the best of his ability and with due care and caution.

India - Consumer

Sucha Singh VS Rajwant Kaur - 20 Jul 09

Torts--Compensation--Commission of Murder--Murder was committed by defendants by causing multiple injuries on person of deceased--Deceased was an agriculturist--Compensation awarded in sum of Rs.2,50,000/- not on higher side.

India - Punjab

Ramakrishna S/o Narashimaiah VS State by Madhugiri Police Station - 23 Feb 18

INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860 [C.A. NO. 45/1860] - Sections 302, 498-A, 201 - Murder, cruelty and screening of offence - Allegation that accused husband committed murder of deceased for non-fulfilment of demand of money - Testimony of witnesses that accused husband used to demand money and due to non-fulfilment of demand, deceased was subjected to cruelty and harassment - One of witnesses stating about quarrel between accused and deceased on very day of her death - Seizure of broken bangles in inquest at crime scene showing altercation between accused and deceased - Defence of accused that deceased committed suicide by hanging - Falsified by post- mortem - According to doctor, marks on neck caused by forcible compression and not by hanging - Complete chain of circumstances leading to inference that accused alone committed murder - Conviction held, proper.

India - Karnataka

State of Karnataka, Rptd. by The Circle Police, Inspector, Nippani VS Ramesh Chandar Adake - 15 Mar 18

INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT, 1872 [C.A. NO. 1/1872] - Sections 3, 28 - Extrajudicial confession - Allegation that accused committed murder of deceased, wife by sickle - Later accused attempted to commit suicide by consuming poison - Prosecution witnesses caught accused near house of brother of deceased in unconscious condition - Accused confessed to Tahsildar that he after consuming alcohol and poison, committed murder of deceased, wife by sickle - Confession not in custody of police - Extra- judicial confession, held, reliable.INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860 [C.A. NO. 45/1860] - Sections 302, 309, 449 - Murder, attempt to commit suicide and house trespass - Burden of proof - Extrajudicial confession - Allegation that accused entered into house of brother of deceased wife and committed her murder by inflicting fatal injuries with sickle - Later accused attempted to commit suicide by consuming poison - Testimony of eye-witness, corroborating with contents of FI...

India - Karnataka

State of U. P. VS Omvir - 22 Dec 14

Conviction can be based solely on circumstantial evidence but it should be tested on touchstone of law relating to circumstantial evidence.

India - Crimes

Mohammed Moideen VS State, Represented by Inspector of Police Sethur - 19 Sep 05

Conviction can be based on circumstantial evidence.

India - Madras


Hindu Succession Act, 1956 - Section 25 - Grant of succession certificate. - Since judgment of acquittal of charge of murder is passed in favour of appellant-wife, heir of deceased hence appellant is not disqualified from succeeding estate of her deceased husband.In view of the clear acquittal of the appellant, it cannot be said that the appellant is a person who has committed a murder or has abetted the commission of murder of deceased ’H’ and was therefore disentitled or disqualified to succeed to the property of ’H’ under the provisions of Section 25 of the Hindu Succession Act. Since the judgment of clear acquittal is passed in favour of the appellant, by no stretch of imagination it could be said that the appellant has committed the murder of ’H’ or abetted the commission of the murder. The appellant would therefore not be disqualified under the provisions of Section 25 of the Hindu Succession Act, from succeeding to the estate of her dece...

India - Maharashtra

Shivaji @ Savliram s/o. Vyankatrao Nalawade VS State of Maharashtra - 20 Mar 12

Indian Penal Code (1860), S.302 - Evidence Act (1872), Ss.106, 114 - Murder of wife---Circumstantial evidence—Accused has not offered any explanation regarding murder of deceased in his house - Cumulative effect of circumstances established by prosecution leads to only one inference that it is accused who has committed murder of deceased - Conviction and sentence affirmed. (Paras 25, 29, 30)

India - Maharashtra

Suresh Kumar VS State of M. P. - 27 Aug 09

Indian Penal Code, 1860—Sections 302 and 498A—Deceased, wife of appellant, brought to her matrimonial home on 5-7-1999 died because of burn injuries on 6-7-1999—Accused had slapped deceased the moment she entered matrimonial home with her brother PW6—Accused was in the house at the time of incident and no explanation by accused how deceased sustained burn injuries—Point for consideration was whether deceased committed suicide in retaliation to act of accused in giving her a slap or she died an unnatural death under some accident or she was murdered—Trial Court had acquitted accused of charge under Section 304 B IPC and charge under Section 306 IPC had never been framed—Burden was extra heavy upon prosecution to prove that accused committed murder of his wife—Murder could not be the only presumption in the facts—Murder charge could not be sustained—Sufficient evidence that accused treated deceased with cruelty and conviction under Section 498A was liable to be upheld. (Paras 9 to 13)

India - Crimes